Treatments & Conditions | Hand Microsurgery in Erie, PA

Finger Injuries & Conditions | Hand Microsurgery in Erie, PA

Hand Microsurgery has experienced medical staff available to provide specialized finger treatment for patients. The finger joints function in a similar way to hinges when you bend and straighten your fingers. Tendons connect muscles in your forearm to the bones in your fingers and are surrounded by a protective tendon sheath. This sheath is lined with a fluid that allows tendons to slide easily when you bend and straighten your fingers. Injuries to the finger joints are common and usually heal without significant problems. Some injuries are more serious and may develop problems if not treated carefully.

Trigger Finger

Trigger finger affects the tendons inside the finger or thumb. Tendons connect muscle to the bone and allow you to bend or straighten your fingers. With trigger finger, the tendons become swollen and inflamed which makes it difficult for your fingers to function naturally. Generally, the cause of trigger finger is unknown. Pain and swelling can occur where the finger or thumb joins the palm. As the tendon becomes more inflamed, the finger may catch when straightened. When the locked tendon releases, the finger pops as if releasing the trigger of a gun. This further irritates the tendon and may set up a cycle of swelling and catching.

Fingertip Injuries

Black Nail: Hitting the fingernail with a hard, direct blow can cause bleeding beneath the nail where the blood will need to be pulled. In most cases, it will disappear with growth of the new nail. Sometimes special medical treatment by a physician is needed to relieve pressure and pain.

Finger Crushing: A crushing blow to the fingertip can fracture the finger bone. The bone can become fractured in several places, and the nail will then be driven upwards off the bone. Treatment involves the removal of any debris or small bone fragments and thoroughly cleaning the entire area.

Mallet Finger

A mallet finger is a tear in the tendon that controls the tip of your finger and causes the loss of ability to straighten the end of your finger. Initial treatment of mallet finger is non-surgical, and will most likely require splinting.

Your splint must be removed on a daily basis to examine your skin. While changing the splint, your finger must remain supported in the extended (straight) position. This is most easily accomplished by placing the tip of your finger on the edge of a table. 

If proper care instructions are followed, your mallet finger should heal in approximately 8-12 weeks. If left unsupported, however, re-injury will occur causing your splinting time to start again.

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