Treatments & Conditions | Hand Microsurgery in Erie, PA

Platelet Rich Plasma Injection (PRP)

Although blood is mainly a liquid (called plasma), it also contains small solid components (red cells, white cells, and platelets.) The platelets are best known for their importance in clotting blood. However, platelets also contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors which are very important in the healing of injuries. PRP is plasma with many more platelets than what is typically found in blood. The concentration of platelets can be 5 to 10 times greater or richer than usual. 

To develop a PRP preparation, blood must first be drawn from the patient. The platelets are separated from other blood cells and their concentration is increased during a process called centrifugation. Then the increased concentration of platelets is combined with the remaining blood. Laboratory studies have shown that the increased concentration of growth factors in PRP can potentially speed up the healing process.

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